Friday, June 20, 2008

Feed the Brain

Brain Facts & Stimulation Tips

Brain Facts
By two years of age, a toddler’s cerebral cortex contains well over a hundred trillion synapses. His brain will continue to grow rapidly, achieving 80% of adult’s brain size by age 3. In the first 5 years, your child forms about 50% of the main learning pathways in his brain- therefore, the more stimulation, the more brain cell connections are made for enhanced learning in the future.

By around 2 years old, your toddler may understand as many as 200 words, though regularly use only about 50 - 75 words. He will be able to acquire words at the rate of 10 or more a day, so watch your language.

Toddlers at this age often point to objects and/or ask some variation of "what’s that?" in their desire to learn the names of objects. They delight in simple songs, finger plays and games involving sounds and words. Learning to name an object gives the toddler enormous power to get what she wants. Toddlers often practice new words or phrases before falling off to sleep or while riding in the car, repeating words over and over again.

Use descriptive words
Use descriptive words as you talk to your child about what you are doing, tasting, seeing, hearing or touching. For example, carry your child to a window to watch birds at a feeder, on the ground, or in bushes. Use words to describe the sounds of the birds, the colors of their feathers, and the ways they peck and fly. Watch to see what things interest your child most about the birds, and talk more about them.

Building vocabulary and language learning at this age is based on the repetition of sounds and words. Repetition is important in the development of language and movement, as it is repeated experiences that reinforce the pathways of the brain. Keep reading your child’s favorite stories to him, but vary it in terms of using different voices for different characters, giving a different end each time, or even asking your child to tell you how the stories end.

Linking words to toys or objects
Ask your child to name his toys. While he is playing with a certain toy, ask him, “where is the car?” This helps with building his basic vocabulary and he will learn to connect words to the objects he is handling or looking at.

Abstracted from Anmum - Your Child’s Brain Development & Learning Process


dorcas said...

the information is so solid

cck said...

there is a lot of truth in it. Tony Buzan of Mind Mapping also said the same thing. Use it (brain) or lose it. I like the method you read story books to Rachel to instill reading habit :)